Wool is an organic fiber, which is soft and looks like curly hear, covering the bodies of domestic herbivorous animals such as goats and camels. As well as it protects the animals from rain, cold and physical conditions, the wool also meets clothing and spreading needs and other household needs of people. 9% of the fibers used in weaving and textile industry is wool.
Wool fiber is a kind of protein called keratin, and it stems from 5 and 12 pieces of thinner fibers coming off adjacently from the epiderm. There are sebaceous and sweat glands right at the bottom of wool fibers. There are 4000 - 10000 pieces of hear per square centimeter on the skin of a sheep. The number of fibers forming the hair depends on the species and body area of the sheep. On the skin of an adult merino sheep, there are 20 million - 126 million pieces of hair. The thinner the wool fibers are the curlier they become. A wool fiber carries approximately a load of 20 kilograms and it may stretch up to 30%. The view of a wool fiber under microscope looks scaly like a crocodile skin. It does not conduct electricity and heat. It is a good moisture barrier. When the wool is burnt, it emits ammonia gas, and the fire of wool dies immediately when the fire is gone. This feature also indicates that it is fire resistant.
The quality of wool is related to the age of the animal. Top quality wool is obtained from a two-years old animal. The wool starts to stiffen on older animals.
One fourth of the total amount of wool produced in the world is in Australia. New Zealand comes after that. Types of animals providing wool in Turkey are Kıvırcık (Curly) in Thrace Region, Karaman in Central Anatolia and Eastern Anatolia Regions, Merino sheep in Bursa and Balıkesir vicinity, and Tiftik (Angora) goats in Ankara.
The wool sheared in spring is called "yapağı (fleece)". As its wool fibers are very thin, high-quality yarns are obtained from yapağı (fleece). The quality of the wool is determined by the fineness and tensile strength of its fibers. The longer the thread length produced at certain thickness, the higher quality the wool is. The finest fiber wool is obtained from merino sheep. The thickness of those wool fibers is ranging from 16 microns to 50 microns. The wool on the shoulder tops of the animal is thinner.
Wool used for manufacturing fabric, knitting yarn, blankets, carpets and rugs, based on their quality and manufacturing methods.
Wool is roved by hand and spun with spinners in some villages and towns of Anatolia. They are dyed with natural dyes in desired colors. Jumpers, socks and gloves weaved from those in various colors are the artworks of a fine taste and effort.
Is a natural product.
Wool is an animal protein fiber.
It's structure is highly curled.
Does not burn easily
As it keeps warm, it is used in the manufacture of blankets and winter clothing.
It is a valuable weaving material that arranges the body-environment interactions in the best way.